The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), the Paris-based group representing 25 countries, has just released “Society at a Glance”, giving an overview and comparison of social trends and policy development within the group.
It’s findings show that Mexicans work longer days than anyone else in OECD countries, devoting 10 hours to paid and unpaid work, such as cleaning or cooking at home. Belgians work the least, at 7 hours, compared with an OECD average of 8 hours a day.
Furthermore, Canadians and Australians are the most tolerant in the OECD of migrants, ethnic monitories and gays and lesbians, with an average of 84% seeing their communities as tolerant of these groups. The OECD average is 61%.
A special chapter in the report looks at unpaid work, such as cooking, cleaning, caring, and shopping, in 26 OECD countries, as well as China, India and South Africa.
Most unpaid work is housework. Mexicans do the most, at more than 3 hours per day, followed by the Turks and Australians whilst the South Koreans do the the least, at 1 hour and 19 minutes. Much of this time is spent cooking. Americans spend the least time cooking each day (30 minutes) and Turks the most in the OECD (74 minutes). Most people spend around 50 minutes a day cooking.
Shopping also makes up a big part of unpaid work. Most people in OECD countries spend 23 minutes a day shopping, with the French spending the most (32 minutes) and the Koreans the least (13 minutes).
The report also attempts to estimate how much unpaid work is worth as a percentage of GDP for the OECD countries for which data are available. It finds that the value of unpaid work is considerable, equivalent to about one-third of GDP in OECD countries, ranging from a low of 19% in Korea to a high of 53% in Portugal.
Other social indicators documented in the report include fertility rates, education and health spending, inequality, migration, tolerance and trust.